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The U.S. Dollar Index 美元指数: Page 3 of 5

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Trade-Weighted Dollar Index

There is also another kind of dollar index used by the Federal Reserve. It is called the “trade-weighted U.S. dollar index“.

The Fed wanted to create an index that could more accurately reflect the dollar’s value against foreign currencies based on how competitive U.S. goods are compared to goods from other countries. It was formed in 1998 in order to keep up-to-date with U.S. trade.

The Trade-Weighted U.S. Dollar Index

Here is the current weighting (in percentage) of the index:

Country Weight(%)
Euro zone 16.22
China 20.81
Canada 12.618
Mexico 11.67
Japan 7.552
United Kingdom 3.393
Korea 3.8
Taiwan 2.381
Singapore 1.889
Brazil 2.204
Malaysia 1.467
Hong Kong 1.269
India 1.958
Switzerland 1.634
Thailand 1.408
Australia 1.415
Russia 1.202
Israel 1.034
Sweden 0.734
Indonesia 1.063
Saudi Arabia 1.071
Chile 0.876
Philippines 0.553
Colombia 0.664
Argentina 0.63
Venezuela 0.485
Total 100

*Weights as of October 21, 2013

The main difference between the USDX and the trade-weighted U.S. dollar index is the basket of currencies used and their relative weights.

The trade weighted index includes countries from all over the world, including some developing countries. Given how global trade is developing, this index is probably a better reflection of the dollar’s value across the globe.

The weights are based on annual trade data.

Weights for the broad index can be found at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/H10/Weights.

If you’d like to see historical data, check out http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h10/Summary/.

贸易加权美元指数

       还有另一种类型的美元指数,是由美国联邦储备委员会公布的。它被称为“贸易加权美元指数”

       美联储希望建立一种美元指数,它可以更准确地反映美国商品,在国际的竞争力。它成立于1998年,依据每年美国和其它国家的贸易额来修订各国的加权比重。

货币种类和权重

      这是目前各国的货币,在该指数所占的权重(百分比):

国家或地区
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
欧元区*
16.36
16.36
16.334
17.605
17.826
加拿大*
13.233
13.233
13.238
13.249
14.614
日本*
7.796
7.796
7.799
7.482
8.311
墨西哥
11.452
11.452
11.456
10.364
9.579
中国
19.756
19.756
19.764
19.867
17.96
英国*
3.541
3.541
3.542
4.227
4.164
台湾
2.601
2.601
2.602
2.41
2.488
韩国
3.858
3.858
3.86
3.688
3.552
新加坡
2.037
2.037
2.038
2.09
1.919
香港
1.307
1.307
1.307
1.33
1.308
马来西亚
1.836
1.836
1.837
1.739
1.793
巴西
2.068
2.068
2.068
1.899
2.093
瑞士*
1.684
1.684
1.685
1.794
1.534
泰国
1.45
1.45
1.451
1.423
1.381
菲律宾
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.567
0.596
澳大利亚*
1.314
1.314
1.314
1.336
1.289
印尼
1.111
1.111
1.111
1.032
0.987
印度
1.775
1.775
1.775
1.699
1.574
以色列
1.086
1.086
1.086
1.137
1.163
沙特阿拉伯
0.806
0.806
0.807
0.808
1
俄国
1.116
1.116
1.115
1.02
1.452
瑞典*
0.84
0.84
0.837
0.87
0.961
阿根廷
0.569
0.569
0.57
0.549
0.568
委内瑞拉
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.409
0.47
智利
0.784
0.784
0.784
0.783
0.831
哥伦比亚
0.619
0.619
0.619
0.622
0.586
总数
100
100
100
100
100


       美元指数与贸易加权美元指数之间的主要区别,在于篮子中所用的货币和它们的权重不同。

       贸易加权指数加入了来自世界各地的其他国家,包括一些发展中国家。鉴于全球贸易的发展,该指数可以更好的反映出,美元在全球范围内的价值。

       该指数的权重是以每年的贸易数据为依据的。

         各国货币的权重可以在这里找到:http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/H10/Weights

         如果您想看之前的资料,在这里:http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h10/Summary/