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Japanese Candlesticks 日本蜡烛图: Page 3 of 7

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Basic Japanese Candlestick Patterns

Spinning Tops

Japanese candlesticks with a long upper shadow, long lower shadow and small real bodies are called spinning tops. The color of the real body is not very important.

The pattern indicates the indecision between the buyers and sellers.


Forex Candlestick Pattern: Spinning Tops
The small real body (whether hollow or filled) shows little movement from open to close, and the shadows indicate that both buyers and sellers were fighting but nobody could gain the upper hand.


Even though the session opened and closed with little change, prices moved significantly higher and lower in the meantime. Neither buyers nor sellers could gain the upper hand, and the result was a standoff.

If a spinning top forms during an uptrend, this usually means there aren’t many buyers left and a possible reversal in direction could occur.

If a spinning top forms during a downtrend, this usually means there aren’t many sellers left and a possible reversal in direction could occur.


Sounds like some kind of voodoo magic, huh? “I will cast the evil spell of the Marubozu on you!” Fortunately, that’s not what it means. Marubozu means there are no shadows from the bodies. Depending on whether the candlestick’s body is filled or hollow, the high and low are the same as its open or close. Check out the two types of Marubozus in the picture below.


Forex Candlestick Pattern: Marubozu
A White Marubozu contains a long white body with no shadows. The open price equals the low price and the close price equals the high price. This is a very bullish candle as it shows that buyers were in control the entire session. It usually becomes the first part of a bullish continuation or a bullish reversal pattern.


A Black Marubozu contains a long black body with no shadows. The open equals the high and the close equals the low. This is a very bearish candle as it shows that sellers controlled the price action the entire session. It usually implies bearish continuation or bearish reversal.


Doji candlesticks have the same open and close price or at least their bodies are extremely short. A doji should have a very small body that appears as a thin line.

Doji candles suggest indecision or a struggle for turf positioning between buyers and sellers. Prices move above and below the open price during the session, but close at or very near the open price.

Neither buyers nor sellers were able to gain control and the result was essentially a draw.

There are four special types of Doji candlesticks. The length of the upper and lower shadows can vary and the resulting forex candlestick looks like a cross, inverted cross or plus sign. The word “Doji” refers to both the singular and plural form.


Forex Candlestick Pattern: Doji
When a Doji forms on your chart, pay special attention to the preceding candlesticks.


If a Doji forms after a series of candlesticks with long hollow bodies (like White Marubozus), the Doji signals that the buyers are becoming exhausted and weakening. In order for price to continue rising, more buyers are needed but there aren’t anymore! Sellers are licking their chops and are looking to come in and drive the price back down.


Forex Candlestick Pattern: Long White Candle and Doji
If a Doji forms after a series of candlesticks with long filled bodies (like Black Marubozus), the Doji signals that sellers are becoming exhausted and weak. In order for price to continue falling, more sellers are needed but sellers are all tapped out! Buyers are foaming in the mouth for a chance to get in cheap.



Forex Candlestick Pattern: Long Black Candle and Doji
While the decline is sputtering due to lack of new sellers, further buying strength is required to confirm any reversal. Look for a white candlestick to close above the long black candlestick’s open.


In the next following sections, we will take a look at specific Japanese candlestick pattern and what they are telling us. Hopefully, by the end of this lesson on candlesticks, you will know how to recognize different types of forex candlestick patterns and make sound trading decisions based on them.




       该形态表明买卖双方之间的 犹豫不决。







       白色光头光脚 包含长的白色实体部分,但没有上下影线。开盘价格即为当天最低价,而收盘价则为当天最高价。这是一个极度看涨形态,因为它显示出,在整个交易时段,买方始终控制着整个市场。它通常成为牛市持续形态或反转看多形态的第一部分。






       十字星有四种特别形态。它们是长脚十字线(Long-legged Doji)、蜻蜓十字线(Dragonfly Doji)、墓碑十字线(Gravestone Doji)以及一字线(Four Price Doji)。