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Japanese Candlesticks 日本蜡烛图

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What is a Japanese Candlestick?

While we briefly covered Japanese candlestick charting analysis in the previous forex lesson, we’ll now dig in a little and discuss them more in detail. Let’s do a quick review first.

Japanese Candlestick Trading

Back in the day when Godzilla was still a cute little lizard, the Japanese created their own old school version of technical analysis to trade rice. That’s right, rice.

A Westerner by the name of Steve Nison “discovered” this secret technique called “Japanese candlesticks,” learning it from a fellow Japanese broker. Steve researched, studied, lived, breathed, ate candlesticks, and began to write about it. Slowly, this secret technique grew in popularity in the 90’s. To make a long story short, without Steve Nison, candlestick charts might have remained a buried secret. Steve Nison is Mr. Candlestick.

Okay, so what the heck are Japanese candlesticks?

The best way to explain is by using a picture:

 

Japanese Candlestick Anatomy
Japanese candlesticks can be used for any forex time frame, whether it be one day, one hour, 30-minutes – whatever you want! They are used to describe the price action during the given time frame.

 

Japanese candlesticks are formed using the open, high, low, and close of the chosen time period.

  • If the close is above the open, then a hollow candlestick (usually displayed as white) is drawn.
  • If the close is below the open, then a filled candlestick (usually displayed as black) is drawn.
  • The hollow or filled section of the candlestick is called the “real body” or body.
  • The thin lines poking above and below the body display the high/low range and are called shadows.
  • The top of the upper shadow is the “high”.
  • The bottom of the lower shadow is the “low”.

什么是日本蜡烛图?

       在之前的课程当中,我们对于蜡烛图图标进行了简单的介绍,现在,我们要更深入地对它的细节进行讨论。首先,我们先快速地回顾一遍。

什么是蜡烛图贸易?

       当动画人物哥斯拉还是只是个可爱的小蜥蜴时,日本人就已经创造了交易大米的技术分析秘籍。是的,大米。


       一个名叫Steve Nison的西方人从他的日本经纪那得知了这个被称为“蜡烛图”的神秘技术。史提芬开始不断地深入地探索、研究、发掘这项技术,并且进行记录。慢慢地,这项神秘技术在九十年代被广为传播。简单地说,如果没有Steve Nison,烛台图表或许将会是一个长埋于地底的秘密。Steve Nison就是西方蜡烛图之父。


       那么,外汇蜡烛图是长什么鬼样呢?
       最好的方法就是用图表来进行解释:


 

       蜡烛图可以在你需要的任何时间框架内使用,一天,一小时,或者是三十分钟。我们可以在有限的时间框架内用烛台来描述价格波动。蜡烛图通过选择时间内的开盘价,最高价,最低价和收盘价来形成。

•如果收盘高于开户,就表示为一个空心烛台(通常是白色)。
•如果收盘低于开户,就表示为一个实心烛台(通常是黑色)。
•烛台的空心或者实心部分被称为实体。
•在实体上面或者下面的细线表示高或低水平,被称为影线。
•上影线的顶端表示最高价。
•下影线的底部表示最低价。

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