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Important Chart Patterns 重要的图表形态: Page 7 of 9

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How to Trade Triangle Chart Patterns

Symmetrical Triangle

A symmetrical triangle is a chart formation where the slope of the price’s highs and the slope of the price’s lows converge together to a point where it looks like a triangle.

What’s happening during this formation is that the market is making lower highs and higher lows. This means that neither the buyers nor the sellers are pushing the price far enough to make a clear trend.

If this were a battle between the buyers and sellers, then this would be a draw.

This is also a type of consolidation.

 

Symmetrical Triangle
In the chart above, we can see that neither the buyers nor the sellers could push the price in their direction. When this happens we get lower highs and higher lows.

 

As these two slopes get closer to each other, it means that a breakout is getting near. We don’t know what direction the breakout will be, but we do know that the market will most likely break out. Eventually, one side of the market will give in.

So how can we take advantage of this?

Simple.

We can place entry orders above the slope of the lower highs and below the slope of the higher lows. Since we already know that the price is going to break out, we can just hitch a ride in whatever direction the market moves.

 

Forex symmetrical triangle and breakout
In this example, if we placed an entry order above the slope of the lower highs, we would’ve been taken along for a nice ride up.

 

If you had placed another entry order below the slope of the higher lows, then you would cancel it as soon as the first order was hit.

Ascending Triangle

This type of triangle chart pattern occurs when there is a resistance level and a slope of higher lows.

What happens during this time is that there is a certain level that the buyers cannot seem to exceed. However, they are gradually starting to push the price up as evident by the higher lows.

 

Ascending Triangle Chart Pattern
In the chart above, you can see that the buyers are starting to gain strength because they are making higher lows. They keep putting pressure on that resistance level and as a result, a breakout is bound to happen.

 

Now the question is, “Which direction will it go? Will the buyers be able to break that level or will the resistance be too strong?”

Many charting books will tell you that in most cases, the buyers will win this battle and the price will break out past the resistance.

However, it has been our experience that this is not always the case. Sometimes the resistance level is too strong, and there is simply not enough buying power to push it through.

Most of the time, the price will in fact go up. The point we are trying to make is that you should not be obsessed with which direction the price goes, but you should be ready for movement in EITHER direction.

In this case, we would set an entry order above the resistance line and below the slope of the higher lows.

 

Forex ascending triangle and breakdown
In this scenario, the buyers lost the battle and the price proceeded to dive! You can see that the drop was approximately the same distance as the height of the triangle formation.

 

If we set our short order below the bottom of the triangle, we could’ve caught some pips off that dive.

Descending Triangle

As you probably guessed, descending triangles are the exact opposite of ascending triangles (we knew you were smart!). In descending triangle chart patterns, there is a string of lower highs which forms the upper line. The lower line is a support level in which the price cannot seem to break.

 

Descending Triangle Chart Pattern
In the chart above, you can see that the price is gradually making lower highs which tell us that the sellers are starting to gain some ground against the buyers.

 

Now most of the time, and we do say MOST, the price will eventually break the support line and continue to fall.

However, in some cases the support line will be too strong, and the price will bounce off of it and make a strong move up.

The good news is that we don’t care where the price goes. We just know that it’s about to go somewhere. In this case, we would place entry orders above the upper line (the lower highs) and below the support line.

 

Forex descending triangle and breakout
In this case, the price ended up breaking above the top of the triangle pattern. After the upside breakout, it proceeded to surge higher, by around the same vertical distance as the height of the triangle.

 

Placing an entry order above the top of the triangle and going for a target as high as the height of the formation would’ve yielded nice profits.

三角形形态组合

对称三角形

        一个对称三角形的形态,是由价格的高点和低点形成的斜坡,往一点聚集而成,它看起来就像一个三角形。

       是什么原因造成了市场出现这种,渐高的低点和渐低的高点的形态?这形态意味着,无论是买家还是卖家都没有足够的力量,推动价格来形成明显的趋势。

       如果这是买方和卖方之间的一场战争,那么这时候就是一个和局。

       这是一个整顿或调整的型态。



       在上图中,我们可以看到,无论是买方或卖方都不够力量推动价格的走向。当发生这种情况时,我们会看到更低的高点和更高的低点。

       由于这两个斜坡逐渐接近对方,这意味着价格的突破越来越近了。我们不知道将会往什么方向突破,但我们知道,市场的爆发 即将 来临。最终,市场的其中一方将会取胜。

       那么我们怎样才能利用这个形态呢?

       非常的简单。

       我们可以在上斜坡渐低的高点上面设置多单,或是在下斜坡渐高的低点下面设置空单。因为我们已经知道,价格即将要突破了,那么不管市场是往什么方向前进,我们都可以搭一搭顺风车。



       在这个例子中,如果我们在上斜坡渐低的高点上设置了多单,我们应该已经搭乘了一趟美丽的上升旅途。

       如果你在下斜坡渐高的低点也设置了另一个空单的话,那么当其中一个挂单生效时,你应该马上取消另一个。

上升三角形

       这形态的特征是,上面一条阻力线和渐高的低点形成的下斜线结合形成。

       这段时间发生的事情是,有一条强劲的阻力线让买家多次无法超越。不过,他们又不断的推高价格,当渐高的低点越来越明显的时候就形成这形态。



       在上图中,你可以看到买家也开始发动攻势,因为他们正逐渐的抬高低点。买家们不断向那阻力位施加压力,因此一个突破势必发生。

       现在的问题是?“价格会往上还是往下呢?买家是否能够突破阻力线,还是阻力线最终导致买家败下来?”

       许多图表分析的书会告诉你,在大多数情况下,买家将赢得这场战争,价格将突破过去的阻力位。

       然而,我们的经验却告诉我们,事实并非总是如此。有时候阻力位太强大了,买方根本就没有足够的购买力,来向上突破压力的位置。

       在大多数情况下,价格确实是会升上去的。这里我们想强调的是,你不应该在乎价格往哪个方向前进,不论价格是上升还是下跌,你都应该随时在 两方 做好准备。

       在这例子中,我们将在阻力线上面设置多单,同时在斜的支撑线下面设置空单。



       在这场战况中,买家打了败战,价格开始连续跳水!你可以看到,下跌的幅度大约是之前上升三角形形态的相同高度。

       如果我们在三角形的底部设置了空单,我们可能会在这次的跳水中,获得不少的点数。

下降三角形

       你可能已经猜到了,下降三角形与上升三角形是完全相反的。(我们已经知道你是聪明的!)。在下降三角形中,一串渐低的高点形成一条上斜线。下面的线是一条支撑线,阻止价格向下突破。



       在上图中,你可以看到,价格逐渐形成渐低的高点。这告诉我们,卖家开始抢占买家的一些地盘了。

       在大多数的时候,我们确实是说 大多数,价格最终将突破支撑线,然后继续下跌。

       但是,在一些例子中,支撑线确实太强大了,然后价格会反弹,并激烈的向上飙升。

       好的消息是,我们不必在乎价格的走势,我们只需要知道它大概突破的时候。在这例子中,我们在上斜线(渐低的高点)上面设置多单,并在支持线下面设置空单。



        在这例子中,价格最后在三角形的尾端向上突破。突破之后,它连续的飙升,超越之前三角形形态的垂直的高度。

        在三角形的斜线上面设置多单,然后在三角形形态一样的高度位置,设置止盈,将会获得很多的利润。