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Important Chart Patterns 重要的图表形态: Page 3 of 9

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How to Trade the Head and Shoulders Pattern

Head and Shoulders

A head and shoulders pattern is also a trend reversal formation.

It is formed by a peak (shoulder), followed by a higher peak (head), and then another lower peak (shoulder). A “neckline” is drawn by connecting the lowest points of the two troughs. The slope of this line can either be up or down. Typically, when the slope is down, it produces a more reliable signal.

 

Head and Shoulders Pattern
In this example, we can easily see the head and shoulders pattern.

 

The head is the second peak and is the highest point in the pattern. The two shoulders also form peaks but do not exceed the height of the head.

With this formation, we put an entry order below the neckline.

We can also calculate a target by measuring the high point of the head to the neckline. This distance is approximately how far the price will move after it breaks the neckline.

 

Head and Shoulders Pattern Breakdown
You can see that once the price goes below the neckline it makes a move that is at least the size of the distance between the head and the neckline.

 

We know you’re thinking to yourself, “the price kept moving even after it reached the target.”

And our response is, “DON”T BE GREEDY!

Inverse Head and Shoulders

The name speaks for itself. It is basically a head and shoulders formation, except this time it’s upside down.

A valley is formed (shoulder), followed by an even lower valley (head), and then another higher valley (shoulder). These formations occur after extended downward movements.

 

Inverse Head and Shoulders Pattern
Here you can see that this is just like a head and shoulders pattern, but it’s flipped upside down. With this formation, we would place a long entry order above the neckline.

 

Our target is calculated just like the head and shoulders pattern. Measure the distance between the head and the neckline, and that is approximately the distance that the price will move after it breaks the neckline.

 

Inverse Head and Shoulders Pattern Breakout
You can see that the price moved up nicely after it broke the neckline.

 

If your target is hit, then be happy with your profits. However, there are trade management techniques where you can lock in some of your profits and still keep your trade open in case the price continues to move your way.

You will learn about those later on in the course.

头肩形态组合



头肩型


       头肩型也是一种典型的反转形态。

       它是由一个高峰(肩膀),接着一个更高的高峰(头),和一个较低的高峰(肩膀)所构成。“颈线”通常是,连着两个底谷的最低点,画出的切线。 这条颈线的斜度可以是向上或向下的。 通常的情况,当颈线向下倾斜时,它会是个更可靠的反转信号。



       在这个例子中,我们可以简单的看出头肩型的形态。

       头部是第二个高峰,它是形态中最高的高点。这两个肩膀也是由高峰形成的,但他们的高度没有超过头部的高度。

       对于这种形态,我们在颈线的下面,放置空单。

       我们还可以测量从头部的高点 到颈线的距离。这距离将是价格突破颈线后,大约的移动距离。

       你可以看到价格一旦跌破颈线,它的移动距离,最少是从头部到颈线的距离。

       我们知道你自己在想,“即便达到了目标,它也会继续下跌。”

       但我们的回应是,“ 不要太贪心! “

反头肩型

       这名字已经告诉了你,它的形态了。它基本上也是个头肩形态,除了上下颠倒之外。

       它由一个低谷凹槽和两个肩峰线构成的。它会出现跌势。

       它是由一个低谷(肩膀),接着一个更低的低谷(头),和一个较高的低谷(肩膀)所构成。这形态通常发生在下跌趋势的末端

       在这里你可以看到,它就像是头肩型,只是它的上下翻转了。对于这形态,我们可以在颈线的上方,放置多单。

       我们的止盈目标的计算就像头肩型形一样。 测量头部到颈线之间的距离,这就是价格突破颈线后,大约的移动距离。

       你可以看到价格打破了颈线后,漂亮的上升。

       如果你达到了止盈的目标,那么你会因为赚到钱而感到高兴。但是,也有交易管理的技术,你可以锁定一部分的利润,然后继续持有部分的头寸,让价格继续慢慢往上升。

       您将在后续的课程中学到这些技巧。