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Fibonacci 斐波纳契

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Fibonacci Trading

We will be using Fibonacci ratios a lot in our trading so you better learn it and love it like your mother’s home cooking. Fibonacci is a huge subject and there are many different Fibonacci studies with weird-sounding names but we’re going to stick to two: retracement and extension.

Let us first start by introducing you to the Fib man himself…Leonardo Fibonacci.

Fibonacci

No, Leonardo Fibonacci isn’t some famous chef. Actually, he was a famous Italian mathematician, also known as a super duper uber ultra geek.

He had an “Aha!” moment when he discovered a simple series of numbers that created ratios describing the natural proportions of things in the universe.

The ratios arise from the following number series: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144…

This series of numbers is derived by starting with 0 followed by 1 and then adding 0 + 1 to get 1, the third number. Then, adding the second and third number (1 + 1) to get 2, the fourth number, and so on.

After the first few numbers in the sequence, if you measure the ratio of any number to the succeeding higher number, you get .618. For example, 34 divided by 55 equals .618.

If you measure the ratio between alternate numbers you get .382. For example, 34 divided by 89 = 0.382 and that’s as far as into the explanation as we’ll go.

These ratios are called the “golden mean”. Okay that’s enough mumbo jumbo. With all those numbers, you could put an elephant to sleep. We’ll just cut to the chase; these are the ratios you HAVE to know:

Fibonacci Retracement Levels

0.236, 0.382, 0.500, 0.618, 0.764

Fibonacci Extension Levels

0, 0.382, 0.618, 1.000, 1.382, 1.618

You won’t really need to know how to calculate all of this. Your charting software will do all the work for you. Besides, we’ve got a nice Fibonacci calculator that can magically calculate those levels for you. However, it’s always good to be familiar with the basic theory behind the indicator so you’ll have the knowledge to impress your date.

Traders use the Fibonacci retracement levels as potential support and resistance areas. Since so many traders watch these same levels and place buy and sell orders on them to enter trades or place stops, the support and resistance levels tend to become a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Traders use the Fibonacci extension levels as profit taking levels. Again, since so many traders are watching these levels to place buy and sell orders to take profits, this tool tends to work more often than not due to self-fulfilling expectations.

Most charting software includes both Fibonacci retracement levels and extension level tools. In order to apply Fibonacci levels to your charts, you’ll need to identify Swing High and Swing Low points.

A Swing High is a candlestick with at least two lower highs on both the left and right of itself.

A Swing Low is a candlestick with at least two higher lows on both the left and right of itself.

You got all that? Don’t worry, we’ll explain retracements, extensions, and most importantly, how to grab some pips using the Fibonacci tool in the following lessons.

斐波纳契是什么?


  
       我们在交易中经常使用斐波纳契比率,所以你需要更好地了解它,并且像喜欢你母亲的家常菜一样喜欢它。 斐波纳契是一个巨大的课题,对于它,有许多不同的怪异动听的名字和研究,但我们只讨论两个:回撤 和 扩展。

       让我们首先给你介绍斐波纳契比率概念的发明人...Leonardo Fibonacci 

         不,莱昂纳多斐波纳契不是某位著名的厨师。 其实,他是意大利著名数学家,以欺骗、极端主义者和天才而闻名。

        当他在描述宇宙万物的自然比例中发现一个简单的数字序列的时候,他就会发出“啊哈!”一声。

        数字的顺序是这样出现:1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144 ...
这些数字序列排列是由1开始衍生,其次是2,然后加入1 + 2得到第三个数字3。 然后,2 + 3得到第四个数字5,依此类推。

     除了顺序中前几个的号码,如果你计算随后较高数字的比例关系,你都会得到0.618。 例如,34除以55等于0.618 。

       如果计算相隔数字的比率你得到的是0.382。 例如,34除以89 等于 0.382,这个例子可以很好的解释这个原理。

       这些比率就是所谓的“黄金分割”。 好吧,那绝不是胡言乱语。 所有这些数字足以让一头大象睡觉。 我们只需要直接切入正题,这些比率都是你需要弄懂的: 

斐波纳契回撤比率 
0.236,0.382,0.500,0.618,0.764 

斐波纳契扩展比率 
0,0.382,0.618,1.000,1.382,1.618

       你不需要真正知道如何计算所有的数字。 您的制图软件会为你做所有的工作。 此外,我们已经有了一个很好的斐波纳契指标 ,可以神奇地帮你计算出那些斐波纳契比率位置。 无论如何,熟悉这些在指标背后的一些基本理论总是有好处的好的,所以你又有新的知识可以在约会时使用了。

       交易者利用斐波纳契的回撤比率来寻找潜在的支撑和阻力区域。由于有许多交易者都观察者同样位置当做阻力和支撑位,并且在位置的附近挂买卖单,所以这些位置往往成为自我实现的
支撑和阻力位。 

      
交易者使用各级的斐波纳契的扩展比率作为获利兑现位置。 再次,由于许多交易者都观察者同样位置下单然后兑现利润,这工具的效应是来自交易者们的自我实现期望。

      大部分图表软件都包括斐波纳契回撤线及扩展
线的工具。为了将斐波纳契比率应用在你的图表中,你需要确定波段的高点和低点。

      你都明白了? 不要担心,我们会继续解释
回撤、扩展,最重要的是,在接下来的章节中我们会学习如何利用斐波纳契来抓些点。

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