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1.7 ***Basic Common 基础知识***

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Basic ≠ unimportant
Basic > Important

Learn properly the basic in Forex is much important. It can help to guide you quickly get started in the field of foreign exchange.

Most Common Question for beginner.

1. Understand the basic terminology in Forex

  • you spend money, or sell, is base currency. currency you bought is called denominated currency. in forex trading, you sell one currency to buy another.
  • exchange tells you that you have to set fire to the quote currency to buy the base currency. For example, if you want to use sterling to buy some dollars, you might see something like this exchange: GBP / USD = 1.589. This exchange shows that you have to spend $ 1.589 to buy £ 1.
  • long show that you want to buy the base currency and sell the quote currency. In the above example, you want to sell dollars and buy pounds.
  • Short show that you want to buy and sell currency denominated in the base currency. In other words, you will sell pounds and buy dollars.
  • bid price is your broker is willing to buy with prices denominated in the base currency of the currency. Purchase price in the market you are willing to sell i> best price denominated in the currency.
  • selling price , or asking price, your broker is willing to sell the base currency to buy currency denominated prices. selling price are you willing to buy from the market's best prices.
  • spread is the bid and offer price gap between. [1]

    Next >Decide what you want to trading currencies.

  • The economic forecast. If you believe that the US economy remained weak, the dollar negative, then you might want to sell dollars to buy the currency of a strong local economy.
  • To see a country's trade situation. If a country has a lot of goods are in demand, then this country might export a lot of money and make money. Such a trade advantage will stimulate the national economy and push up the value of international currencies.
  • Political considerations. If a country ongoing election, if the election winners have responsible fiscal agenda, then the currency of this country will benefit. Similarly, if the government of a country's economic growth in order to deregulation, the currency may also be added.
  • Read the economic report. For example, a country's GDP report, or reports on other economic factors, such as employment and inflation, will affect the value of the national currency. [2]
  • 2. Learn how to calculate profit.

    • Point is used to measure the changes in value between the two currencies. Typically, 1:00 equivalent to changes in value of 0.0001. For example, if your EUR / USD trading changes from 1.546 to 1.547, you would increase the monetary value of 1:00.
    • with the exchange rate multiplied by the number of points on your account changes. This calculation will tell you to increase or decrease the amount of your account how much. [3]

    Get started by learning the Forex Lingo

    As in any new skill that you learn, you need to learn the lingo… especially if you wish to win your love’s heart. You, the newbie, must know certain terms like the back of your hand before making your first trade. Some of these terms you’ve already learned, but it never hurts to do a little review.

    Forex Lingo

    Major and Minor Currencies

    The eight most frequently traded currencies (USD, EUR, JPY, GBP, CHF, CAD, NZD, and AUD) are called the major currencies or the “majors.” These are the most liquid and the most sexy. All other currencies are referred to as minor currencies.

    Base Currency

    The base currency is the first currency in any currency pair. The currency quote shows how much the base currency is worth as measured against the second currency. For example, if the USD/CHF rate equals 1.6350, then one USD is worth CHF 1.6350.

    In the forex market, the U.S. dollar is normally considered the “base” currency for quotes, meaning that quotes are expressed as a unit of 1 USD per the other currency quoted in the pair. The primary exceptions to this rule are the British pound, the euro, and the Australian and New Zealand dollar.

    Quote Currency

    The quote currency is the second currency in any currency pair. This is frequently called the pip currency and any unrealized profit or loss is expressed in this currency.


    A pip is the smallest unit of price for any currency. Nearly all currency pairs consist of five significant digits and most pairs have the decimal point immediately after the first digit, that is, EUR/USD equals 1.2538. In this instance, a single pip equals the smallest change in the fourth decimal place – that is, 0.0001. Therefore, if the quote currency in any pair is USD, then one pip always equal 1/100 of a cent.

    Notable exceptions are pairs that include the Japanese yen where a pip equals 0.01.


    One-tenth of a pip. Some brokers quote fractional pips, or pipettes, for added precision in quoting rates. For example, if EUR/USD moved from 1.32156 to 1.32158, it moved 2 pipettes.

    Bid Price

    The bid is the price at which the market is prepared to buy a specific currency pair in the forex market. At this price, the trader can sell the base currency. It is shown on the left side of the quotation.

    For example, in the quote GBP/USD 1.8812/15, the bid price is 1.8812. This means you sell one British pound for 1.8812 U.S. dollars.

    Ask/Offer Price

    The ask/offer is the price at which the market is prepared to sell a specific currency pair in the forex market. At this price, you can buy the base currency. It is shown on the right side of the quotation.

    For example, in the quote EUR/USD 1.2812/15, the ask price is 1.2815. This means you can buy one euro for 1.2815 U.S. dollars. The ask price is also called the offer price.

    Bid/Ask Spread

    The spread is the difference between the bid and ask price. The “big figure quote” is the dealer expression referring to the first few digits of an exchange rate. These digits are often omitted in dealer quotes. For example, the USD/JPY rate might be 118.30/118.34, but would be quoted verbally without the first three digits as “30/34.” In this example, USD/JPY has a 4-pip spread.

    Quote Convention

    Exchange rates in the forex market are expressed using the following format:

    Base currency / Quote currency = Bid / Ask

    Transaction Cost

    The critical characteristic of the bid/ask spread is that it is also the transaction cost for a round-turn trade. Round-turn means a buy (or sell) trade and an offsetting sell (or buy) trade of the same size in the same currency pair. For example, in the case of the EUR/USD rate of 1.2812/15, the transaction cost is three pips.

    The formula for calculating the transaction cost is:

    Transaction cost (spread) = Ask Price – Bid Price

    Cross Currency

    A cross currency is any pair in which neither currency is the U.S. dollar. These pairs exhibit erratic price behavior since the trader has, in effect, initiated two USD trades. For example, initiating a long (buy) EUR/GBP is equivalent to buying a EUR/USD currency pair and selling GBP/USD. Cross currency pairs frequently carry a higher transaction cost.


    When you open a new margin account with a forex broker, you must deposit a minimum amount with that broker. This minimum varies from broker to broker and can be as low as $100 to as high as $100,000.

    Each time you execute a new trade, a certain percentage of the account balance in the margin account will be set aside as the initial margin requirement for the new trade based upon the underlying currency pair, its current price, and the number of units (or lots) traded. The lot size always refers to the base currency.

    For example, let’s say you open a mini account which provides a 200:1 leverage or 0.5% margin. Mini accounts trade mini lots. Let’s say one mini lot equals $10,000. If you were to open one mini-lot, instead of having to provide the full $10,000, you would only need $50 ($10,000 x 0.5% = $50).


    Leverage is the ratio of the amount capital used in a transaction to the required security deposit (margin). It is the ability to control large dollar amounts of a security with a relatively small amount of capital. Leveraging varies dramatically with different brokers, ranging from 2:1 to 500:1.

    Now that you’ve impressed your dates with your forex lingo, how about showing her the different types of trade orders?


    正如你在学习其他新的技能时候一样,你需要学会术语…… 特别是如果你想,赢得你爱人的心时候。你,作为一个新鸟,您在第一次交易之前你必须先对一些专业的术语,了如指掌。其中一些你已经学过,但做一点小复习也没什么不好。


    Major and Minor Currencies

    八种最常用的交易货币(美元,欧元,日元,英镑,瑞士法郎,加拿大元,新西兰元和澳元),也称为主要货币。 这是流动性最强和最常用的。 所有其他的货币被称为次要的货币。

    基础货币 Base Currency
    基础货币是任何货币对中的第一种货币。货币报价显示了基础货币与第二种货币进行衡量时的价值。例如,美元/瑞郎 汇率等于1.6350,那么1 美元等于 1.6350 瑞士法郎。

    在外汇市场,美元通常被当做是报价中的“基础”货币,即在货币对的报价中,以1 美元为报价单位,来与其它货币进行兑换。但这规则首先需要排除掉:英镑、欧元、澳元和新西兰元。

    报价货币 Quote Currency
    报价货币是任何货币对的第二种货币。它经常被称为点子货币(pip currency),任何未实现的利润或亏损,都是用这货币来表示。

    点 Pip
    点是任何货币汇率的最小单位价格。几乎所有货币的汇率都是5个数字组成,并且多数货币对的小数点,在第一个数字的后面,就像:欧元/美元的汇率等于1.2538。 在这种情况下,1个点的最小变化等于小数点后的第4个数字变动 – 也就是1个点等于0.0001。因此,如果任何一种货币对中包含了美元,那么1个点通常是1美分的百分之一。


    0.1点 (pipettes)

    投标(买进使用价) Bid Price


    询问/收购(卖出使用价) Ask/Offer Price


    点差Bid/Ask Spread       点差是指买进价和卖出价之间的差额。 “大数报价”是指汇率的头几位数字。这些数字在正常的市场波动中很少发生变化,因此通常在交易商的报价中常常被省略掉。例如,美元/日元的汇率可能是118.30/118.34,但报价表上可能会省略掉前面三个数字,成为“30/34”。在这个例子中,美元/日元有4点的价差。

    报价公约 Quote Convention

                 Base currency / Quote currency =   Bid   / Ask
    基础货币     /        报价货币       = 买进价/卖出价

    交易事务费用 Transaction Cost


    交易成本(价差) = 卖出价 – 买进价

    交叉货币 Cross Currency

    保证金 Margin
    当你在一个外汇经纪商开立一个保证金账户时,你必须存入该经纪商一笔最低数额的资金。每个经纪商之间的最低保证金要求各不相同,可以低至 $100,也可以高达$100,000。


    例 如,假设您开立了一个200:1杠杆或0.5%保证金的迷你账户。 迷你账户使用“迷你手”进行交易。假设说,1迷你手就等于$10,000。如果你是使用保证金来开立了一个迷你手仓位,那你不用动用足额的$10,000,你只需要提供$50的初始保证金($10,000× 0.5%=$50)。

    杠杆 Leverage